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Run a Llama2 app

In this guide we create and deploy a llama2 inference server and expose an API to it. To run this example, follow these steps:

  1. Install the kraft CLI tool and a container runtime engine, e.g. Docker.

  2. Clone the examples repository and cd into the examples/llama2/ directory:

Terminal window
git clone
cd examples/llama2/

Make sure to log into KraftCloud by setting your token and a metro close to you. We use fra0 (Frankfurt, 🇩🇪) in this guide:

Terminal window
# Set KraftCloud access token
# Set metro to Frankfurt, DE

When done, invoke the following command to deploy this application on KraftCloud:

Terminal window
kraft cloud deploy -p 443:8080 -M 1024 .

Note that in this example we assign 1GB of memory. The amount required will vary depending on the model (we’ll cover how to deploy different models below)

The output shows the instance URL and other details:

Terminal window
[●] Deployed successfully!
├────────── name: llama2-cl5bw
├────────── uuid: eddb16d4-44e7-48d6-a226-328a18745d13
├───────── state: running
├─────────── url:
├───────── image: llama2@sha256:5af77e7381931c9f5b8f605789a238a64784b631d4b3308c5948b681c862f25a
├───── boot time: 38.29 ms
├──────── memory: 1024 MiB
├─ service group: funky-rain-xds8dxbg
├── private fqdn: llama2-cl5bw.internal
├──── private ip:
└────────── args: 8080

In this case, the instance name is llama2-cl5bw and the URL is They are different for each run.

We can retrieve a story through the llama2 API endpoint:

Terminal window
curl -o -
Once upon a time, there was a little girl named Lily. She loved to eat grapes. One day, she saw a big grape on the table. Lily wanted to eat it, but she was too small. She thought, "I will try to get it when no one is looking."
The next day, Lily saw a big rock near the tower. She thought, "Maybe I can move the rock." She tried to push the rock, but it was too heavy. Lily did not give up. She tried again and again. Finally, she had a big idea. She would use a long stick to push the rock.
Lily went to the tower and pushed the rock with the stick. The rock moved! She was so happy. She picked up the grape and said, "Thank you, Rock!" Lily learned that if you are persistent and try hard, you can do anything.

At any point in time, you can list information about the instance:

Terminal window
kraft cloud instance list
llama2-cl5bw running 1 minute ago 1.0 GiB 8080 38286us

When done, you can remove the instance:

Terminal window
kraft cloud instance remove llama2-cl5bw

Customize your Application

To customize the application, update the files in the repository, listed below:

  • Kraftfile: the KraftCloud specification
  • Dockerfile: the Docker-specified application filesystem
  • tokenizer.bin: Exposes an API for the model
  • stories15M.bin: The LLM model.
spec: v0.6
runtime: llama2:latest
rootfs: ./Dockerfile
cmd: ["8080"]

Lines in the Kraftfile have the following roles:

  • spec: v0.6: The current Kraftfile specification version is 0.6.

  • runtime: llama2: The Unikraft runtime kernel to use is llama2.

  • rootfs: ./Dockerfile: Build the application root filesystem using the Dockerfile.

  • cmd: ["8080"]: Expose the service via port 8080

Lines in the Dockerfile have the following roles:

  • FROM alpine:3.14 as base: Build the filesystem from the alpine:3.14, to create a base image.

  • COPY: Copy the model and tokenizer to the Docker filesystem (to /models).

The following options are available for customizing the application:

  • You can replace the model with others, for example from Hugging Face

  • The tokenizer we took from here, but feel free to replace it.

You can customize parameters for your story through a POST request on the same API endpoint. The following parameters are recognized:

  • prompt: seed the LLM with a specific string
  • model: use specific model instead of DEFAULT
  • temperature: valid range 0.0 - 1.0; 0.0 is deterministic, 1.0 is original (default 1.0)
  • topp: valid range 0.0 - 1.0; top-p in nucleus sampling; 1.0 = off, 0.9 works well, but slower (default 0.9)

For example:

Terminal window
curl -o - -d '{ "model": "stories15M", "temperature": 0.95, "topp": 0.8, "prompt": "There once was a monkey named Bobo." }'

Learn More

Use the --help option for detailed information on using KraftCloud:

Terminal window
kraft cloud --help

Or visit the CLI Reference.